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Craddock

Due to the large number of Craddock families, many sharing common names for their offspring, each Craddock individual is given a reference number to help identify them uniquely through the returns.

1841 Census

In the 1841 census there were 3 CRADDOCK households -

Name Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Anthony (1) 65 Coalminer Yks
CRADOCK Hannah (2) 40 Yks
CRADOCK Thomas (3) 30 Coalminer Yks
CRADOCK John (4) 25 Agricultural Labourer Yks
CRADOCK Arabella (5) 15 Yks

Anthony(1) was baptized in Redmire on 29 Nov 1771, the son of Anthony a miner of Redmire, and his wife Hannah (nee SUNTER). This couple moved to Redmire from Grinton.

At the time of the census Anthony(1) was a widower, his wife Arabella (nee SLINGER) was buried 28 May 1815 shortly after the birth of her youngest child John Slinger CRADOCK (4) Arabella (nee SLINGER) is found in some records as Isabella.

  1. Hannah (2) baptized 17 Nov 1799
  2. Thomas (3) baptized 14 Aug 1808
  3. John Slinger (4) baptized 20 Mar 1815
  4. Arabella (5) baptized 4 Oct 1826, daughter of William DAVISON and Hannah (2) CRADDOCK
  5. Anthony (1) was buried 14 Jan1845, aged 73yr
  6. Arabella (5) married Thomas PARK Nov 1847. In various records she is named either Arabella or Isabella

The following two heads of household are both sons of the above Anthony and Arabella who are already married with families of their own.

Name Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Anthony (6) 35 Miner Yks
CRADOCK Elizabeth (7) 40 Yks
CRADOCK Arabella (8) 4 Yks
CRADOCK William (9) 1 Yks

Anthony (6) baptized 29 Jun 1802, son of Anthony and Arabella. He married Elizabeth EDEN (7) 22 Sep1834 in Bedale.
  1. Arabella (8) baptized 31 Mar 1837, daughter of Anthony, a miner, and his wife Elizabeth.
  2. William (9) baptized 12 Jan 1840, son of Anthony, a miner, and his wife Elizabeth.
  3. Arabella (8) was buried 26 Mar 1850, aged 13yrs.

Name Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Robert (10) 35 Leadminer Yks
CRADOCK Eden (11) 30 Yks
CRADOCK Slinger (12) 4 Yks
CRADOCK Thomas (13) 2 Yks

Robert (10) baptized 22 Sep 1805.son of Anthony and Arabella. He married Eden METCALF (11) 19 May 1836 Redmire. Eden is later found named Edith.
  1. Slinger (12) baptized 2 April 1837, son of Robert a miner, and his wife Edith.
  2. Thomas (13) baptized 8 Jan 1839, son of Robert a miner, and his wife Elizabeth (error?).

There were also the 2 following individuals of unknown origins:

Name Age Occupation Birthplace
STRINGER John 45 Farmer Yks
STRINGER Mary 35 Yks
STRINGER Eliza 10 Yks
STRINGER James 8 Yks
STRINGER John 6 Yks
STRINGER Maria 4 Yks
CRADOCK Mary 15 Independent Yks

Name Age Occupation Birthplace
CALVERT Rev. J. 75 Clerk
CALVERT Elizabeth 55
PARKINSON John 25 Independent Not Yks
CRADOCK Jane 20 F. Servant

1851 Census

Redmire Mill

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Anthony (6) Head 48 Lead Miner Redmire
CRADOCK Elizabeth (7) Wife 50 Crakehall
CRADOCK William (9) Son 11 Scholar Redmire
CRADOCK Jane (15) Daughter 8 Redmire

Jane (15) baptized 20 Jun 1842, dau of Anthony a miner, and his wife Elizabeth.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Robert (10) Head 46 Lead Miner Redmire
CRADOCK Edith (11) Wife 45 Hawes Parish
CRADOCK Slinger (12) Son 15 Redmire
CRADOCK Thomas (13) Son 12 Scholar Redmire
CRADOCK Anthony (16) Son 9 Scholar Redmire
CRADOCK Agnes (17) Daughter 4 Redmire
CRADOCK Robert (18) Son 1 Redmire

Anthony (16) baptized 26 Dec 1841, son of Robert and Edith. Another child Robert born 1843, died as an infant. Ann Agnes (17) baptized 15 Feb 1846, dau of Robert and Edith. She married James BUSHBY of Preston on 26 Oct 1873. Robert (18) baptized 13 Jan 1850 son of Robert and Edith.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Thomas (3) Head, Married 42 Coal Miner Redmire
CRADOCK Jane (19) Wife, Married 48 Pocklington
CRADOCK Mary Ann (20) Daughter 4 Redmire
CRADOCK Hannah (2) Sister, Unmarried 51 Redmire

Thomas (3) married Jane KIRBY (19) on 3 Apr 1843 at Wensley His sister Hannah (2) is unmarried, and living with the family. Mary Ann (20) baptized 17 May 1846, dau of Thomas a miner, and Jane.

Also the following individuals -

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
STOREY Henry Head, Married 26 Stone mason Castle Bolton
STOREY Elizabeth Wife, Married 28 Scorton
STOREY James Son ? Scholar Redmire
STOREY Alice Daughter 1 Redmire
CRADOCK Maria Lodgerm, Widow 77 Pauper Preston

Maria (nee TOMLIN), was the widow of George CRADDOCK of Preston under Scar, living at Black Beck, Bellerby in 1841. Maria died 9 Jul 1860 of cancer in the cheek at Tile Shades (death certificate).

Elm House

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
OTHER Christopher Head 41 Banker Elm House
OTHER Ann Wife 32 Settle
STACKHOUSE Ellen Visitor 66 Annuitant Hornby
OTHER Thomas W. Son 6 Scholar Elm House
OTHER Jane Daughter 3 Elm House
BOWES Martha Servant 23 House Servant Leyburn
CLARKSON Esther Servant 22 House Servant Wensley
ROGERS Ann Servant 15 House Servant Castle Bolton
CRADOCK Anthony (22) Servant 26 House Servant Redmire

This is probably the Anthony Craddock baptized 6 Nov 1824 in Redmire. There is some uncertainty about the parents in this baptism. The child is either the illegitimate son of John WILLIS and Mary CRADDOCK, or John Willis CRADDOCK and his wife Mary. His location in 1841 is unknown.

1861 Census

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Anthony (6) Head, Married 58 Leadminer Redmire
CRADOCK Elizabeth (7) wife, Married 60 Bedale
CRADOCK William (9) Son, Unmarried 21 Leadminer Redmire
CRADOCK Jane (15) Daughter, Unmarried 18 Redmire
PAULI Christian Lodger, Unmarried 30 Curate of Bolton cum Redmire Oxford

Elizabeth (7) was buried 1 Feb 1864

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Robert (10) Head, Widower 55 Leadminer Redmire
CRADOCK Slinger (12) Son, Unmarried 24 Leadminer Redmire
CRADOCK Thomas (13) Son, Unmarried 22 Lead Ore Dresser Redmire
CRADOCK Ann A (17) Daughter 15 Redmire
CRADOCK Robert (18) Son 11 Scholar Redmire
FAWCETT Jane Servant, Unmarried 41 Housekeeper Askrigg
FAWCETT William Boarder 9 Scholar Stalling Busk

Robertís wife Edith (11) was buried 10 Sep 1852, leaving him with a young family to take care of. It appears that Jane FAWCETT came in as housekeeper . It seems likely that young William is her son.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Thomas (3) Head, Married 52 Leadminer Redmire
CRADOCK Jane (19) Wife, Married 58 Pocklington
CRADOCK Mary Ann (20) Daughter 14 Redmire

Hannah (3) has now moved out and is living alone.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Hannah (3) Head, Unmarried 61 Shirt Maker Redmire

Redmire Mill

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
DINSDALE Alice Head, Widow 78 Farmer 25 acres employing 1 Redmire
DINSDALE Elizabeth Daughter, Unmarried 30 Remire Mill
CRADOCK Anthony (16) Servant, Unmarried 18 Servant Redmire

Anthony (16) is the son of Robert (10), having now left home. Note that he is a young man, the sole employee of an elderly widow, farming 25 acres.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Anthony (22) Head, Married 36 Leadminer Redmire
CRADOCK Ann (23) Wife, Married 32 Low Row
CRADOCK Mary Jane (24) Daughter 1 Redmire

The full name of Ann (23) is unknown, nor do I know when they (22) married, or when, although the GRO marriage indexes have a marriage for an unidentified Anthony in the Dec quarter 1858, Leyburn Registration District. It seems likely that he married in Annís home village.
  1. Mary Jane (24), baptized 7 Jul 1859 in the Redmire Methodist records.

1871 census

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Anthony (6) Head, Widower 68 Farmer 6 acres Redmire
CRADOCK William (9) Son, Unmarried 31 Leadminer Redmire
CRADOCK Jane (15) Daughter, Unmarried 28 Housekeeper Redmire

Anthony (6) has given up lead mining and become a farmer. His two adult children are still unmarried and living at home. Anthony (6) was buried 17 Jan 1879, aged 76yrs. The familyís monumental inscription has either been mis-transcribed or has some errors. "In loving memory of Anthony CRADOCK (6) of Redmire who died 14 Jan 1878 aged 76 yrs. Also Elizabeth (7) wife of the above who died 30 Jan 1862 aged 61yrs. Also Arabella (8) dau of the above who died 23 Mar 1860 aged 13yrs. Also William (9) son of the above who died 17 Mar 1893 aged 53yrs. Also Jane (15) dau of the above who died 26 Dec 1905 aged 64yrs".

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Robert (10) Head, Widower 65 Leadminer Redmire
CRADOCK Ann Agnes (17) Daughter, Unamrried 24 Redmire
FAWCETT Jane Servant, Unamrried 52 Housekeeper Woodhall
FAWCETT William Boarder, Unamrried 19 Leadminer Stallion Busk

Robert (10) now only has one child at home, but his servant Jane is still with him. His son Slinger (12) is married (see below). His son Thomas (13) married Jane PARKIN Nov 1863 Redmire and by 1871 census was living in Bainbridge in the parish of Aysgarth with his wife and family (RG10 4870 32 18). Son Anthony (16), now 28yrs - whereabouts unknown. Son Robert (18), now 21yrs - whereabouts unknown. Robert (10) was buried 17 Oct 1876, aged 71.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Thomas (3) Head, Married 62 Leadminer Redmire
CRADOCK Jane (19) Wife, Married 66 Pocklington
CRADOCK Hannah (2) Sister, Unmarried 71 Redmire

Daughter Mary Ann (20), now aged 24yrs, whereabouts unknown, and Thomasí sister Hannah (2) has moved back in.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Anthony (22) Head, Married 46 Redmire
CRADOCK Ann (23) Wife, Married 41 Low Row
CRADOCK Mary Jane (24) Daughter 11 Redmire
CRADOCK Sarah Ann (25) Daughter 8 Redmire
CRADOCK Wm Anthony Robert (26) Son 5 Redmire
PARKIN Jane Harker Visitor, Unmarried 27 Low Row

Sarah Ann (25) baptized 8 Sep 1862, dau of Anthony a miner, and Ann William Anthony (26) baptized 21 May 1865, son of Anthony a miner, and Ann. Note says ďcalled up at 4 a.m.Ē Sarah Ann (25) buried 8 Jan 1880, aged 17yrs.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Slinger (12) Head, Married 34 Redmire
CRADOCK Isabella (27) Wife, Married 32 Burtersitte?
CRADOCK John Metcalf (28) Son 8 Redmire
CRADOCK Edith (29) Daughter 6 Redmire
CRADOCK Robert (30) Son 4 Redmire
CRADOCK Thomas (31) Son 1 Redmire

Slinger (12) married Isabella METCALF (27) Mar quarter 1862 in Askrigg Registration District (GRO marriage index).
  1. John Metcalf (28) baptized 1 Mar 1863, son of Slinger a miner, and Isabella.
  2. Edith (29) baptized 18 Jan 1865.
  3. Robert (30) baptized 20 Mar 1867.
  4. Another child Elizabeth Ann born and died Mar 1868.
  5. Thomas (31) baptized 26 Sep 1869.
  6. Isabella (27) buried 1 Jan 1879, aged 39yrs.

(After Isabellaís death, Slinger left Redmire and by the 1881 census was in Crook DUR with his children in 1881. He married Margaret RAW in 1882, and is found in Helmington Row DUR in 1901 census.)

Wood End Farm

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
HESLOP John Head, Married 57 Farmer 140 acresLow Bolton
HESLOP Hannah Wife 53West Woods
WHITELOCK Margaret Daughter, Married 29Woodend
WHITELOCK John H Grandson 7Harmby
WHITELOCK Francis Grandson 3 mth
CRADOCK James Servant 14 General Servant Preston
HARRISON Ann Servant 17 General Servant West Witton

James was from Preston and is part of the extended family, but is not part of this project.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
WALKER Elizabeth Head, Widow 64 Farmer Preston
WALKER Hannah Daughter, Unmarried 17 Redmire
CRADOCK Maud Half-cousin 3 Redmire
CRADOCK Violot Half-cousin 1 Redmire

Maud May and Violet were the children of Thomas CRADDOCK and his wife Elizabeth (nee HAW). Although Thomas was born in Redmire and was part of this extended family, he does not appear in earlier census records as he and his parents lived in various other places including Preston under Scar. I have not yet established the exact relationship of this family to Elizabeth WALKER. In 1861 and 1881, Thomas and Elizabeth were living in Leyburn, so it is possible that they are also there in 1871. Later records give the birthplace of Maud and Violet as Leyburn, not Redmire as stated in this census record.

1881 Census

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
Thomas PARK Head, Married 57 Grocer and Farmer Redmire
Isabella PARK (5) Wife, Married 54 Redmire
William PARK Unmarried 30 Labourer Redmire
Margaret PARK Unmarried 18 Assists in the shop Redmire
Isabella PARK Unmarried 12 Scholar Redmire
Hannah CRADDOCK (2) Mother-in-law, Unmarried?? 80 Dependant Redmire

Isabella PARK (5) appears in the 1841 census as Arabella CRADDOCK aged 15yrs.

Leadley Craddock is noted as being blind in this census return:

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
Thomas CRADOCK (3) Head, Married 72 Leadminer Redmire
Leadley CRADOCK Wife, Married 77 Pocklington

This is Thomas who in previous censuses, was married to Jane KIRBY who was born in Pocklington, and in the 1871 census gave her age as 66 years. I have been unable to find a GRO death registration for Jane, nor a burial in the parish register, nor a marriage to Leadley. However, both Jane and Leadley give their birthplace as Pocklington and their ages are similar. It is possible that Jane and Leadley are the same person although prior to 1881 Thomasís wife is always Jane and from 1881 to her death she is Leadley. This should be investigated further.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
Ann CRADOCK (23) Head, Married 51 Gardenerís Wife Low Row
Mary Jane CRADOCK (24) Daughter 21 Dressmaker Redmire
William A CRADOCK (26) Son 15 Redmire

I have been unable to locate the whereabouts of Anthony (22) who appears to be away from home at this time.

William Anthony Robert (26) disappears from Redmire after this, but appears in Somerset in 1901 census (RG13 2330 45) with wife and family.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
Thomas CRADOCK (13) Head 41 Leadminer Redmire
Jane CRADOCK (32) Wife 36 Low Row
Thomas CRADOCK (33) Son 2 Redmire
Robert CRADOCK (34) Son 1m Redmire

This is Thomas (13) son of Robert (10) and Eden Edith METCALF. In 1871 census the family was in Bainbridge By 1881 census the family was back in Redmire and had lost their 3 eldest children in less than 2 months -
  1. Anthony buried 29 Jan 1877, aged 11yrs
  2. Robert buried 23 Feb 1877, aged 13yrs, scaletina
  3. Mary Ann buried 18 Mar 1877, aged 8 yrs, scaletina
  4. Thomas (33) was baptized 22 Sep 1879, son of Thomas (a miner) and Jane
  5. Robert (34) was baptized 18 Apr 1881, son of Thomas (a miner) and Jane

Thomas and Jane left Redmire before 1891 census and are found in Thornton Rust Yks with two children in 1901 census.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
William CRADOCK (9) Head, Unmarried 41 Farmer of 38 acres Redmire
Jane CRADOCK (15) Sister, Unmarried 38 Housekeeper Redmire

These are the children of Anthony (6) who has since died. William has given up lead mining and taken up farming like his father before his death. However, the acreage has grown from 6 to 38.

Station Cottages

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
Anthony CRADOCK (16) Head, Married 39 Signalman N.E.R. Redmire
Esther CRADOCK Wife, Married 36 Richmond
Edith H CRADOCK (34) Daughter 5 Stockton on Tees
Robert CRADOCK (35) Son 3 Redmire

This is Anthony (16) son of Robert (10) and Eden Edith. There is a marriage in the GRO marriage index for an Anthony CRADDOCK and Esther WEBSTER Mar qtr 1871 Richmond Yks which appears to be this couple.
  1. Edith Hannah (34) birth registration Jun qtr 1875 Stockton.
  2. Robert (35) baptized 24 Sep 1877, son of Anthony (railway signalman) and Esther.

In the 1901 census Anthony, Esther, and Robert are in Leyburn; Edith Hannah is a dressmaker in Witton le Wear and living with a 17yr old John, a railway signalman, who is possibly another brother.

1891 census

Most CRADDOCK families had moved away by now as the mining industry was beginning to close down in the area. Only two households remaining.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Ann (23) Head, Widow 61 Living on own means Low Row
CRADOCK Mary J (24) Daughter, Umarried 31 Redmire

Monumental Inscription In remembrance of Anthony CRADOCK (22) of Redmire, born 20 Oct 1824, died 23 Oct 1889. Anne (23) wife of the above born 29 May 1825, died 23 July 1900. Sarah Ann (25) daughter of the above born 2 Sep 1862, died 5 Jan 1880.

In an 1890 Directory of Redmire there is an entry for an Anthony CRADOCK, cowkeeper. Although he died in 1889, it is likely that the entry refers to this man.

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK William (9) Head, Unmarried 51 Farmer Redmire
CRADOCK Jane (15) Sister, Unmarried 48 Redmire
RYDE Mary Ann Servant, Unmarried 17 Domestic Servant Downholme
CHAPMAN James A. Boarder, Unmarried 26 Schoolmaster Slingsby

William (9) was buried 17 Mar 1893, and according to the burial record in the parish register, he was a churchwarden.

In an 1890 Directory for Redmire there is an entry for a William CRADOCK, farmer.

1901 census

Only one Cradock remaining in Redmire.

The Cottage

Name Relationship Age Occupation Birthplace
CRADOCK Jane (15) Head, Unmarried 58 Living on own means Redmire

Jane (15) died 26 Dec 1905 (monumental inscription above).
©2004 David W.J. Stringer-Calvert, Christine Amsden, Larraine Williams

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